asked questions


asked questions


Visa requirements

Please note that you need a full valid passport. Since you will be staying in South Africa for one year, you will need to get a year-long study permit. In order to get this visa you will need a letter from Bushwise which we will provide. The consulate usually takes 30 working days to process this visa application. Please begin the application process as soon as you have booked your place. We advise you not to leave your country if you do not have the necessary study visa in hand. You are not allowed to study if you are in the country on a tourist visa. In order to apply for the visa, take the following with you, but also consult home affairs and/or recent travellers:

  • A full birth certificate (not an abridged one; it must include both parents’ details).
  • Passport (valid for 30 days or longer after the expiry of the intended visit and with at least two facing blank pages).
  • Police clearance certificate (not older than six months at the time of visa application).
  • Letter from Bushwise to include details of your accommodation, that you have complied with our fees, and an agreement that we will advise
    the authorities if you leave the course.
  • Proof of financial stability (bank balance/statement).
  • Proof of medical cover (medical insurance policy).
  • Medical report (a letter from a general practitioner or hospital stating that you are fit to carry out your duties in SA; not older than six months
    at the time of application).
  • Radiological report (a report from a radiologist confirming that you have been examined and have shown no signs of TB; not older than six 
 months at the time of application).
  • Flight details & evidence of onward travel out of South Africa.
  • Two passport photographs.

Most of our international students are able to obtain a study visa in order to attend the course. Please note that it is your responsibility to obtain the relevant information and supply the necessary documents required for this visa application on time, as requested at the time of your course being confirmed. Visa processing can take up to 12 weeks. Bushwise will supply you with a study visa support letter as well as important information related to the application process. We recommend that you consult with a visa specialist for any advice or assistance with the application process. Bushwise cannot take responsibility for any embassy’s refusal to issue your study visa. In the rare event of this happening please consult with [email protected] for alternative options.

I can only book my flights 11 months in advance. What shall I do?

Airlines will usually only let you book your flights 11 months in advance. You need to buy a ticket with a changeable return date. Once you are in South Africa you can change the date to suit the end of the course. Please be aware that most return airlines tickets are only valid for up to one year.

Why must I be able to drive a manual/stick shift car?

All the vehicles that Bushwise and the other game lodges use are manual. We cannot allow students to learn to drive manual vehicles at Bushwise as other students will be in the vehicles on the training game drives. All students must already hold a manual license, with at least a year of relevant experience before their application can be considered. Students will be required to pass an internal driving test at Bushwise before they are allowed to drive company vehicles.

How much am I likely to spend?

You can expect to spend an additional R3,000/GBP150/USD200 per month depending on your personal habits. During weeks off you are welcome to stay at the campus, and just cover the cost of your food. You will need to budget extra if you plan to travel in these breaks. We recommend that you travel with a credit/debit card as your main source of funds, although having cash as a backup is wise. ATMs are common throughout South Africa. Traveller’s cheques can also be exchanged in major towns, but this can take some time.

What are the other costs involved?

PDP license: The price for getting your Professional Driving Permit (PDP) license, should you not have a South African driver’s license, would be approximately R5200 through a registered driving school. This amount includes the booking and writing of learners license, and practical driving exams as well as lessons. The cost for the whole drivers licence and PDP procedure is the student’s responsibility and needs to be done during off periods so as not to interfere with course activities.

Uniforms: Two sets of uniforms are included in the course fees but extra items such as socks, shoes, jackets or extra uniforms, need to be paid for by the student.

Shall I bring my laptop?

Yes, you can use your laptop to edit photos, take notes, and do research in example. Wireless internet is available at the campus.

How old do I need to be?

Any person between the age of 18 – 75 can do the 6-month Field Guide course should their health and physical fitness allows them. You need to be 100% committed and want to gain a wildlife-related career or a career in guiding to do our course. Only students between the ages of 21 and 39 will be able to do a six-month field guiding work placement. Under 21’s will be offered what we refer to as a ‘non-guiding placements option’. This is due to the PDP requirements needed for field guiding placements which under 21’s are not yet able to obtain. For over 39s we cannot guarantee placements. If a placement is found this can be extended and the placement fee can be paid later.

How much spending money will I need each week?

It all depends on personal preference, with some people spending more than others. The course includes brunch and dinner. Soft drinks and snacks are for your own account. Keeping this in mind, most students spend in the region of R500.00 per week. Keep in mind if you are thinking of spending your off time exploring off campus, your costs will be a lot higher.

What is the difference between a game ranger and a field guide?

For an in-depth read on the difference between a game ranger and a field guide, please refer to our blog post here.

Do I require a FGASA qualification for any other career in conservation besides field guiding?

No. However, a field guide qualification is very beneficial and will definitely help you in securing a career in conservation. Bushwise courses offer you a fantastic platform, with the opportunity to get strong practical bush experience and exposure to the industry. You will gain transferable skills which can relate to any other wildlife career. Many students from various conservation and environmental backgrounds attend our courses to get practical field experience, especially concerning working in the African bush.

What other types of guide can I become with FGASA?

The Field Guide Association of South Africa offers a number of different courses, depending on the field you would like to specialise in. Most of the additional courses listed below are speciality courses and you will still need to complete a Level 1 Nature Guide course, before pursuing the additional qualifications.

Nature Guide Categories

  • Local Nature Guide
  • Apprentice Field Guide NQF2
  • Field Guide NQF4
  • Professional Field Guide

Marine Guide Category

  • Marine Guide NQF2

Dangerous Game Qualifications

  • Apprentice Trails Guide
  • Trails Guide
  • Professional Trails Guide
  • Professional SKS Dangerous Game
  • FGASA Advanced Rifle Handling

Tracker Qualifications

  • Tracker Level 1
  • Tracker Level 2
  • Tracker Level 3
  • Tracker Level 4
  • Senior Tracker
  • Head Tracker

Birding Qualifications

  • Local Bird Guide
  • Regional Bird Guide
  • SKS (Birding)

Horse Guiding Qualifications (Non-Dangerous Game)

  • Assistant Horse Guide
  • Lead Horse Guide
  • Advance Horse Guide

Horse Guiding Qualifications (Dangerous Game)

  • Dangerous Game Assistant Horse Guide
  • Dangerous Game Lead Horse Guide
  • Dangerous Game Advance Horse Guide

Wildflower Qualifications

  • Specialist Wildflower Guide
  • SKS Wildflowers

Biome Guiding Qualifications

  • Biome Guide
  • National Biome Guide

Other qualifications & Certificates

  • Scout Qualification
  • Commercial Cave Guiding Knowledge Certificate
  • South Africa General Knowledge Certificate
  • Commercial Cave Guiding Knowledge Certificate
  • South Africa General Knowledge Certificate
  • FGASA/ Sappi Tree Knowledge Certificate
  • Nature Enthusiast Certificate (Non-Guiding) –
  • Advanced Nature Enthusiast Certificate (Non-Guiding) –
  • Specialist Nature Enthusiast Certificate (Non-Guiding) –
  • Marine Enthusiast Certificate (Non-Guiding) –
  • Wildflower Guide Certificate –
  • Fynbos Biome Enthusiast Certificate

You can also find out more about the different guiding specialities by reading our Bushwise blog.

How do I get my FGASA Field Guide (NQF4) and Professional Field Guide qualification?

In order to become a qualified Field Guide (NQF4), the guide must already have a minimum of 260 days practical active guiding experience as a nature guide.
Once you feel you have the necessary skills and knowledge you can apply to write your FGASA NQF4 exams and complete the practical. If you pass both the exam and the practical, you will require a valid first aid certificate and can then register as a Field Guide (NQF4).
As you gain more experience and knowledge you can work towards a Professional Field Guide qualification.

Who will I be receiving training from at Bushwise?

Director, Sophie Niemann – Degree BSC Honour & Masters Zoology, FGASAL level 1, Guide for 6 years, 16 years in management and logistics in the wildlife conservation and training arena for volunteers and students.

Head trainer, Gerhard van Niekerk – After 20 lucrative years in the corporate world Gerhard completed his safari and trails guide training. He spent six years working as a freelance trails guide at various 5 star Lodges in the North West Province and the Waterberg. It was then that he became very driven to start training new guides into the field guiding industry. After 2 years as a trainer, Gerhard joins Bushwise.  He now furthers his eight years of experience and believes in a holistic approach as a nature guide trainer which includes having great skills, respect, knowledge and passion. Having these traits and being able to share knowledge about the natural world with PEOPLE from all over the world is amazing, by doing this one creates a sense of responsibility in the minds of your guests to become true custodians of the natural environment.

Senior Trainer, Trevor Myburgh – Trevor started off by doing a RAU Transport Management course through Damelin Financial Management. After leaving the corporate world and deciding to become a Field Guide Trevor got qualified with James Hatfield at Tshivingwe Bush Experience. Trevr currently hold a Fgasa NQF 4, ARH and Full Lead Trails Guide. He has been in the industry for a total of 13 years and has gone to work in the Bela Bela area as a Field guide, then onto the Vaalwater area doing Leopard Research & Reserve Management. He also did a bit of Overlanding. He then went back to Field Guiding and worked on Sanbona Wildlife Reserve (Western Cape) & Kapama Game Reserve (Limpopo)

Trainer, Vaughan Jessnitz – Vaughan has a BSC in Entomology from Stellenbosch University. Got his FGASA qualification through inhouse training at Legend Lodges. Qualifications include FGASA Level 2 (now Advanced Field Guide) Full trails, ARH. Vaughan has been in the industry for 14 years and worked at Legend lodges which included Zebra Country Lodge and Entabeni, Zingela Game Farm, Mohlabetsi Safari lodge, Honeyguide tented Safari Camp, Albatross travel & Honeyguide Rangers camp

Trainer, Edward Smith – Edward is currently the youngest trainer at Bushwise and has been part of the Conservation and Tourism industry since he left school back in 2010. At the age of 19, he qualified as both a field and marine guide but decided to kick-start his field-guiding career by taking an opportunity at one of South Africa’s oldest private game reserves. Known as one of the best birding destinations in the whole of Southern Africa. After a year in the field, walking, driving and guiding guests by boat, he decided to bite the bullet by leaving the lodge to further his studies before returning to the bush once again where his continuous dedication and aspiration to grow, would introduce him to all new aspects of the African bushveld.

Trainer, Lindi Hutchinson – Lindi has always had a passion for nature and started her FGASA training in 2010, and finished her apprentice trails guide in 2011. In November 2013, she finally decided to follow her dream, starting her guiding career at Entabeni Game Reserve in the Waterberg. “It was the best decision I have ever made!” In the past six years I have worked in numerous different reserves and biomes, gained a lot of experience and raised my qualifications to Level 3 and Full Trails.  I am not planning on stagnating any time soon and hope to have Professional Trails by the end of 2020 as well as Tracker Level 2.

Trainer, Jack Hutchinson – Jack was a Bushwise student back in 2009 under the guidance and mentorship of Mark Mongomery, Sean Robinson and Wayne Te Brake. “I said to Sean and Wayne I wanted to do training back then and I have done full circle and returned to share my passion, my drive and experience to new potential guides.”I have been guiding for the last 11 years all in 5 star lodges, in and around KNP, Sabi Sands, Timbavati and Thornybush. I have been in the Thornybush Nature Reserve for the past seven years. I wish to keep walking and tracking and get enough experience to attain a higher tracking qualification and eventually become a FGASA SKS DG Guide
and the ultimate, FGASA Scout.

How many students are on the course?

We take between 22 to 40 students on each 23-week course, which give us a ratio of roughly seven to nine students per trainer. Groups are trained in turn by all of the trainers to expose students to unique guiding style, interests, and point of views.

Why should I choose field guiding as a career?

A job as a field guide is incredibly rewarding. Being able to give guests a memorable experience and show them things they have never seen is very gratifying. Your work environment and quality of life is great. No ‘hustle and bustle’ of city life, traffic, pollution, noise or light pollution. You get to live and work on game reserves and be surrounded by incredibly beauty and getting amazing sightings every day – most people have to pay allot of money for this. You can make lifelong friends with fellow staff members at the places you work and can form personal connections with guests that goes beyond just being their guide. You will have the chance to work in reserves all over South Africa. Some lodges offer staff beds night and this allows your family to be able to come visit you and give them the same experience as your guests.

Which qualifications can I receive from completing a course with Bushwise?

Nationally recognised certificates

  • CATHSSETA (The Culture, Art, Tourism, Hospitality and Sports Sector, Education and Training Authority) National Qualification (Level 2) in Nature Guiding
  • FGASA (Field Guides Association of Southern Africa) Field Guide national certificate – NQF 2 – practical and theory
  • National LEVEL 1 & 2 First Aid Wilderness Certificate
  • National level 3, 4 x 4 driving qualification
  • Cybertracker track & sign qualification
  • SASSETA (Rifle handling, proficiency, maintaining of firearms and shooting)

Other certificates

  • Bushwise Birding specialist
  • Social media understanding in the Field guide & Lodge industry
  • Advanced Rifle Handling
  • Reptile orientation course
  • Wildlife photography workshop
  • FGASA Advanced Field Guide knowledge (previously known as Level 2)

What are my employment possibilities after finishing a course with Bushwise?

The longer more comprehensive Bushwise courses will help you be a more qualified entry-level apprentice field guide, with more experience and more employable.

Since 2012, 100% of our SA students who have graduated the 50-week course have been permanently employed. Read more on the Bushwise Employment Guarantee.

What is a placement and why is it important?

The six-month work placement is an opportunity for students to gain valuable experience in the industry. The work placement is not paid but includes accommodation, food and the opportunity to earn tips for guests. It’s important because this gives you the chance to put your training to work, get valuable experience, and an opportunity to get a permanent job offer. During this time you can build on your Apprentice Trails Guide walking hours and encounters and gain guiding hours to qualify as a Field Guide NQF4. You will have the opportunity to learn from your fellow guides, head guide and you will be able to get a work reference for this six month period.

What is a PrDP?

A Professional Driving Permit (PrDp) will allow you, as a guide, to legally transport guests on public roads as well as to cover insurance requirements. You can only apply for this when you are 21 and you require this to register as a guide and be able to legally take your guests on a safari vehicle.

Bushwise will assist in applying, and getting your PrDp once you are on campus. The process is straightforward, but the traffic department needs to process all the applications and this may take some time.

You will, however, be able to go on a non-guiding placement if you do not have PrDp. It’s by no means a stumbling block to your future career in field guiding. Read more on the placement options here.

Why do I need to be 21 to be a field guide?

As explained earlier, this is due to PrPD requirements. You can only get this when you are 21, and therefore only register as a guide when you are 21.

How do I choose a training provider?

1. Choosing the right training provider depends a lot on your motivations and reasons for doing a course. Are you a nature enthusiast, looking for an adventure, doing a gap year or contributing to practical experience for a university degree? If so, you will likely get the most benefit from shorter duration courses that allow you to explore the fundamentals of field guiding. If however, you are looking to pursue a career as a field guide you might consider a longer course that will give you a more in-depth understanding of field guiding, along with additional skills and qualifications. If you are doing a course that includes a work placement, then this will add greatly to your experience and increase your chances of being offered a permanent position within your placement organisation.
2. Consider your budget and what courses you can afford.
3. Find out what the course includes and how comprehensive it is while considering it’s for value for money.
4. Find out more about who will be training you on this course. What is their educational background and level of experience with field guiding? Choose a provider who has trainers who are highly qualified, professional, and ethical field guides with many years of guiding experience.
5. Read testimonials and reviews from past students who have done the course so that you can find out what their experience was like.
6. Find out if the provider offers any information on their website as to the success and pass rate of past students. This will often be a good indication of the quality of training given.
7. Think about where you want to work, e.g. on a coastal reserve or in the Lowveld. This will allow you access to the specific biomes, fauna and flora that you are interested in.
8. Find out about where you will be staying. What are the accommodation and facilities like? The more comfortable you are, the easier it will be to be focused and study hard. You will be amazed how much you appreciate a comfortable bed, a fan, a pool (in those hot summer months) and Wi-Fi in the middle of the bush. Especially if you are choosing a long term course and need to be there for 6 months or longer.
9. Look at where you could do a placement and how that would contribute and influence your future career prospects.

What do the acronyms DEAT, LEDET and NDT mean?

DEAT – Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism
LEDET – Department of Economic Development,  Environment and Tourism
NDT – National Department of Tourism

Ledet is the umbrella for the government body in Limpopo which governs the above sectors of our government, Ledet has a department (in tourism) that they work closely with and register tourism guides with DEAT under the governing body.

So in fact, they still register with DEAT but under the Ledet umbrella.

Once a student passes their theory and practical what is the process? (Do you submit for them?)

Bushwise submits the practical sheets as well as the theory exam to FGASA.

How long to one have to wait for the certificates for NQF2 after passing your practical assessment?
​Up to 8 weeks (December takes longer as FGASA shuts down and certificates are normally only issued in February).​

How do students go about registering for DEAT?
​Bushwise registers the students with Deat and it takes up to 4 weeks before we receive the card. For South Africans, the Ledet is valid for 3 years, for internationals only 6 months – the same length as their visa for the practical.

Registering with NDT
Provincial Registrars are appointed in each of the nine provinces to register tourist guides. In order to be registered as a tourist guide in South Africa, a person must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • be a South African citizen or be in possession of a valid work permit;
  • must have undergone training with a CATHSSETA-accredited training provider or any other accredited institution which offers programmes recognized by SAQA (this is gained via the FGASA qualification);
  • be in possession of a valid first-aid certificate from an institution recognized by the Department of Labour;
  • pay a registration fee of R240 (Renewable every 3 years)
  • submit 4 passport-size photos;
  • must submit a completed and signed registration form and the code of conduct and ethics upon registration.

Once I pass my theory and practical what is the process? Does Bushwise submit for me?

​Bushwise will submit the practical sheets as well as the theory exam to FGASA on your behalf.

How long do I have to wait for the NQF2 certificates after passing my practical assessment??

You may have to wait ​​up to 8 weeks for your NQF2 certificate. In December this will also take longer as FGASA is closed over this time and certificates will then only be issued in February.​

How do I go about registering for DEAT?

​​Bushwise will register you with DEAT and it usually takes up to 4 weeks before they receive the card.  For South African participants the LEDET is valid for 3 years and for international participants it is valid for 6 months, which is the same length as the international visa for the practicals.

How do I go about registering with NDT?

​​Provincial Registrars are appointed in each of the nine provinces to register tourist guides. In order to be registered as a tourist guide in South Africa, a person must:

  • be a South African citizen or be in possession of a valid work permit;
  • have undergone training with a CATHSSETA-accredited training provider or any other accredited institution which offers programmes recognized by SAQA; (this is gained via the FGASA qualification);
  • be in possession of a valid first-aid certificate from an institution recognized by the Department of Labour;
  • pay a registration fee of R240 (renewable every 3 years);
  • submit 4 passport-size photos;
  • submit a completed and signed registration form and the code of conduct and ethics upon registration.

How does the online course work?

Self-paced programs (with deadlines) on the Bushwise online course platform.

The course platform features short, videos delivered by subject matter experts and guest speakers, learning through assignments and quizzes, and opportunities to contribute to our discussion forum.

Live webinars

You can join our live webinars on Zoom by clicking on the link we send you. These will be at the same time every week.

The learning management system used to deliver online courses is Canvas. In order to complete any Bushwise online course, you will need a current email account and access to a computer and the Internet. You should also be familiar with using a computer and accessing the Internet.

Will I need to purchase additional materials?

No, you will not need to purchase any additional materials. Your program fee covers all core learning materials, which you can find on the Bushwise online platform.

Recommended additional reading:
Game ranger in your backpack: All-in-one interpretative guide to the Lowveld
Tracker manual: A practical guide to animal tracking in southern Africa
Beat about the Bush: Mammals
The Bushveld: A South African Field Guide

Where do I write the FGASA theory exam?

You will be able to take the NQF2 Field Guide theory exam at the end of the FGASA Field Guiding online course on the Bushwise online platform. It is a 2.5-hour exam. Once you submit it, it will be graded by FGASA and you will receive your certificate if you receive 75% or higher. Please note that you can only take the exam a maximum of three times.

How do I participate in the classes and access the recordings?

You don’t need to have a Zoom account to attend your live webinars. You will be prompted to download the software once you have clicked on the link that we send you, or you can join directly via your web browser.

What if I miss a class? Will I be able to catch up?

All the live webinars will be recorded and saved in the Bushwise online course platform so you can watch them at any time.

Can I work ahead of the course pace?

New modules will be released on a regular schedule for all courses on the Bushwise online course platform. You will set your own daily and weekly schedule and adjust it as necessary, but you’ll need to complete modules within a pre-set timeframe as there are critical elements that require the cohort to progress at a similar rate.

How do I access my live class?

You will receive an invitation with a Zoom link to access the class which you can access through your web browser or through the Zoom mobile app. It will have a meeting ID and a password which you will need to enter when you’re joining the meeting.

Why are my class recordings not working?

If you face any issue accessing your class recordings, you should try clearing cookies, cache in your browser and refresh your browser. We would recommend using Google Chrome or Firefox as your browser. If the issue persists, please email your student support manager.

What kind of one-to-one support will I receive during the course?

You will have a dedicated student support manager who will respond to any technical or administrative queries you have within 24 hours and you’ll be able to contact your instructor at any time via our online learning platform if you have any questions about the course content.

How long does it take to receive the certificate?

You will receive your digital certificate once your final assignments have been completed and your course coordinator has reviewed all your work. This usually takes up to 7 days to complete, but please do allow for a couple of days before, or after 7 days cycle.